Lehigh Valley Movie Land
The Filmmakers and the Festivals
Films make us laugh, and they make us cry. They inspire deep thoughts, white-knuckle moments of suspense, jumps of fright and smiles of romantic sweetness. They show us the best and worst of the human spirit. They allow us glimpses and escapes into worlds of the real, the unreal, the tragic and the amazing. But, most importantly, they fuel the fire of our collective imagination – the most iconic scenes and characters imprinted on our brains as mental landmarks as important and recognizable as the Statue of Liberty or the Eiffel Tower.
Film joins together photography, music, performance, design and prose to create an art form like no other, and it is the filmmaker behind the scenes who makes the magic of cinema happen.
In tribute to the local magicians of motion pictures, Lehigh Valley Magazine set out to discover the varied and vibrant community of movie makers and supporters right here in our own backyard. Forget L.A.; make room for L.V.
Lehigh Valley filmmaker Zeke Zelker fell in love with the art of movie creation after being asked to produce a friend’s film. He then got his first taste of the film industry with an acting role in John Water’s Hairspray in 1987 and hasn’t looked back since.
“It has been an epic struggle with many setbacks,” Zelker admits, “but I’m still making movies. ...I love to entertain, provoke thought and inspire ideas – it’s my mantra. Anyone can go out and shoot something, but to take it to the level where you can put it out there on an international scale and make money at it requires a lot of resources – time, personnel and money.”
Despite the extremely difficult nature of filmmaking, Zelker has earned himself an impressive resume by working on “over a dozen films in different capacities, from actor to producer” as well as writer and director. His film credits include “InSearchOf (the 7th most-viewed drama on Hulu of all time), the 2005 Sundance Film Festival favorite Loggerheads, Affairs, Fading, A.K.A.: It’s A Wiley World!, Southern Belles and Just Like the Son.”
Zelker’s current film project is titled Billboard an Uncommon Contest for Common People!.
It’s “a cross media project about a struggling radio station who attempts to get out of the ratings basement by hosting a billboard sitting contest, where four people live on a catwalk in front of a billboard to win a mobile home and ‘nine-sixty’ thousand dollars,” Zelker explains. “Different facets of the story are told through a web series, play and movie, and all elements are complimentary. We’re also integrating branding into all the elements of the story.”
As if the enormous effort required to make a film weren’t enough, as well as the prerequisite innate talent and honed skills, the largest hurdle to jump in movie making is fundraising.
When asked about the Lehigh Valley filmmaker scene, Zelker points out this impossible-to-ignore elephant in the cinema.
“There is no scene without financial support,” he says. “It upsets me that some people have come to the area, taken investors money and ran. This has made it a big challenge in raising money locally. I am from here, make my movies here and will stay here. The business plan for Billboard is really solid, but it has been a challenge raising money. I even have internationally recognized actors. I’m in the midst of changing my investment approach, offering more the ‘crowd-to-get-involved approach, but not a Kickstarter campaign.’ I want people to reap the benefit of the success of the project, not ask for something for nothing.”
Zelker’s passion comes from his love of filmmaking as well as his commitment to the Lehigh Valley. With any form of art, community support is a necessity, and film is no different.
For more information on Zelker and his upcoming project, Billboard an Uncommon Contest for Common People!, visit zekezelker.com.
Zeke Zelker’s Favorite Film: Cinema Paridiso
“It’s so beautiful and a touching story,” Zelker says. “Second is Citizen Kane, because Wells was unafraid to take risks with subject matter, technology and approach.”
Movies At The Mill Easton
On September 13 at the State Theatre, Movies At The Mill Easton (MME) annual film festival – now in its sixth year – will once again transform the county seat of Northampton into an East Coast hub for filmmakers and cinema aficionados. Originally devised to help spark Easton’s redevelopment, MME serves as not only a “provoker of positive change in the city,” but also as a significant driving force in the growth of the Lehigh Valley film scene.
With the “support of Mayor Salvatore J. Panto, Jr., the direction of filmmaker Gershon Hinkson and the commitment of its countless volunteers and sponsors – most notably Merchants Bank who has been the event’s main sponsor for the last four years,” the festival has attracted giants of the film industry to the Lehigh Valley to participate in the MME Filmmaker Seminar Series. Last year, Academy Award-nominated director of Super Size Me, Morgan Spurlock spoke. This year, it will be accomplished filmmaker Doug Liman, director of The Bourne Identity, Mr. & Mrs. Smith, Swingers, Go, Jumper and Live Die Repeat (aka Edge of Tomorrow). In addition to the seminar, there will also be eight short films screened (The Body, The Bluff That Had Enough, Omens, Thursday Afternoon, Through Pathway, Mayo Girl, Just Justice and Sequestered).
“MME is a festival tailored to the filmmaker while in service to the City of Easton,” says MME director Hinkson. “Making a film is no easy task, and what I try to do is create an experience for the filmmakers that acknowledges their achievement. For the city, the event is able to highlight its beauty and potential. By engaging local vendors that continue to raise the bar on excellence and housing the event in areas around the city that allow Eastonians and visitors alike a guided tour of sorts, we create an experience that leaves our attendees with fond memories, a sense of familiarity with the city and, ultimately, an experience in the arts that many from near and far away want to repeat and include friends and loved ones.”
Hinkson is also an accomplished filmmaker. He began his filmmaking career as an intern in the editorial department of the 1995 Spike Lee film Clockers. “Through a lot of hard work and dedication, I quickly advanced to the position of apprentice editor, and not too long after that, I garnered a position as an assistant editor on a film called Great Expectations, directed by Academy Award-winning director, Alfonso Cuaron (Gravity). Through the years, I have been fortunate to work with many of the industry’s more notable contributors like Sam Raimi, Sydney Pollack, Wolfgang Petersen, Doug Liman, the Coen Brothers and currently with Rob Marshall on a film called Into The Woods.”
Hinkson’s movie career has also progressed to writing and directing with his short film, The Turtle & The Nightingale, which was licensed by HBO.
As someone who has earned his spot in the ultra-competitive world of professional filmmaking, Hinkson’s contribution to film in the Lehigh Valley is an important one, one that has without a doubt significantly contributed to its current state and its continual growth.
“The film/filmmaker scene in the Lehigh Valley is new and burgeoning,” he says. “It is an exciting time to be here as a filmmaker. ...It is yet another art form to be explored in this region as well as an industry with great potential to be established here.”
Thanks to Hinkson, as well as the festival’s volunteers, sponsors and attendees, MME continues to flourish with plans to create a film lab. “As the language of film is fairly new to the Valley, the lab could be a vehicle that allows us to offer some needed support to films,” Hinkson explains. “While the details are not yet concrete, story structure, character development and technical support may be the areas that we engage in the beginning, but I can see a time when we will be able to help produce or even finish films.”
For the now, be sure to get your tickets for this year’s festival.
“I heard once that each year a person experiences approximately five magical days,” says Hinkson. “If you can think about any of those days that you’ve experienced, this year alone, where you were like, ‘Man, today was just awesome – I wish it didn’t have to end,’ that is our objective at Movies At The Mill Easton, to be one of those magical days every year.”
For more information on MME, visit moviesatthemill.com. To learn more about Gershon Hinkson, visit igneousfeatures.com.
Gerhson Hinkson’s Favorite Film: Full Metal Jacket
“Stanley Kubrick creates a world of terror and uneasiness tempered with humor and sadness in a way that brings you into the story as a character in the film and not a spectator,” Hinkson says. “It is very complex emotionally and philosophically without being confusing. It is also just technically a solid product. I really dig stories that comment on the human experience without being preachy. The Bicycle Thief by Vittorio De Sica is a close second.”
The majority of independent filmmakers almost always start out making short films before progressing to the longer productions, but then there are the select few who jump off the high dive right into the deep end of the movie pool, with a somersault or two thrown in for good measure.
And Suzanne Doran and Jessica Pignataro of Tinker Films were of the latter variety of filmmakers. Rather than begin their movie-making careers with a three- or five-minute project, they accomplished the daunting task of writing, directing, producing and fundraising a feature-length film titled Just Like We Used To Do, which they released this past April. Inspired by real people and events, the film tells the story of a young woman who is left to be the sole caretaker of her elderly mother suffering from advancing dementia.
Both graduates of DeSales University, though not of the TV/film program, Doran and Pignataro set out to make their feature film after discovering a shared lack of enthusiasm for the career paths they were navigating.
“We became best friends at college,” says Doran. “And after we graduated, we were commiserating about how terrible our jobs were.”
Driven by the shared desire to change their professional trajectories and inspired by the past adventures they had together, as well as the 2007 film, Superbad, Doran and Pignataro decided to write a film script.
“We taught ourselves,” Doran remembers. “We took classes, read books, went to conventions and learned how to write a movie. Of course, the script sucked – it was terrible. But when we talked to people [in the industry], they said, ‘We really like you guys and your ideas and your writing style. We just don’t like what you have right now.’ So we kept doing it and doing it and doing it.”
Doran and Pignataro continued to hone their skills and learn as much about the filmmaking craft as they could. Then, in 2012, Doran began penning the story, based on her own experiences, that would become their first film. She sent Pignataro the first 10 pages.
“I was like, ‘This is the one we have to do,’” Pignataro remembers. “...It was a good story, and I thought it was the one we could both get behind and risk everything.”
After casting, location scouting, finding the right cinematographer (Ben Chronister) and raising enough money via a successful Kickstarter campaign, the film was shot entirely in the Lehigh Valley over 12 days. Doran directed, Pignataro produced and they shared the writer’s credit. Almost one year to the day from when they began shooting, Just Like We Used To Do was released.
Doran and Pignataro are already working on their next projects – a short film about the infamous social-media phenomena of selfies and another feature that they describe as part Breaking Bad, part Thelma and Louise, part Pineapple Express.
The goal of professional filmmaking is one that demands rare talent, refined skill, all-consuming hard work and a bit of luck, so what compels Doran and Pignataro to keep pushing forward?
“I think everybody is trying to find what they love,” Doran says. “I feel like I’m not really good at anything else. I have a lot of random skills from all of the part-time jobs I’ve had, but I’m not the best at anything, but I think I’m really great at writing.”
“Sometimes I really do think that I’m crazy and we’re crazy because we do it for no financial reward,” Pignataro says. “I wish my brain could tell myself that I’d be happy just working a 9-to-5 job, getting married and having children. A lot of people are happy doing that, and it’s lovely, and their life is glorious. But I can’t do that. This is what makes me happy, and it makes me miserable all at the same time, but there’s no other option.”
Tinker Film’s Favorite Films
Suzanne Doran: The Breakfast Club
Jessica Pignataro: The Big Lebowski
Greater Lehigh Valley Filmmaker Festival
In its fourth year, the Greater Lehigh Valley Filmmaker Festival (GLVFF) – held at the ArtsQuest Center at SteelStacks, November 6 through 8 this year – exists to showcase the work of local motion-picture creators.
“It is there to give filmmakers a way in and a way on to our big screen,” explains Ryan Hill, ArtQuest’s programming manager in charge of cinema and comedy. “Also, it’s a way to get them together. ...It’s a time for these filmmakers to just talk shop and socialize. I like seeing the filmmakers hanging out together and meeting people from Jersey or northeastern Pennsylvania – that’s been very cool.”
Submissions come from the Lehigh Valley as well as northeast Pennsylvania and western New Jersey. And with around 40 to 50 films submitted and up to 500 attendees, it’s a thrill for the filmmakers, as well as family and friends, to see their works of art shown on the big screen.
“They work very hard on these films,” Hill says, “and sometimes it’s a bit tough when you work very hard on something, and you know the best you can do is probably show it on a big-screen TV in your basement. The majesty of film is being able to sit together in a big huge room with this big huge screen and see your work displayed, and that’s what we want to provide.”
The submissions that make it into the GLVFF and are nominated for awards are chosen by an ArtsQuest selection committee, and the winners are picked by a five-person jury of film experts and professionals in the field. The award categories depend on the submissions, but generally, prizes are given to Best Feature, Best TV Pilot/Web Series, Best Short (15 to 50 minutes), Best Short (less than 15 minutes), Audience Award and Best Commercial/Viral Video.
As someone who, over the past four festivals, has seen a large portion of what the local filmmaker scene has to offer, Hill sees growth and potential.
“It is getting better year after year,” he says. “...People who are obviously the stronger filmmakers are helping those who are newer, and you can see the change.”
Other artists, like painters and musicians, often have more local venues of opportunity to share their work, but for filmmakers, it can be a much more difficult venture.
“The ArtsQuest mission is to further the arts in the Lehigh Valley,” says Hill, “and just the same as having space for resident artists at the Banana Factory and having a stage for local musicians, we want to have some sort of outlet for local filmmakers. It’s not easy to get onto a legit movie screen. You’re not going to get into all of the multiplexes because their business is selling tickets and popcorn. They’re not going to do too much that diverts from that. But we not only have the mission to show great cinema, but also to foster the local cinema community and filmmakers.”
The early-entry deadline for submissions to this year’s GLVFF has passed, but there is still time to get in under the late-entry date, which requires a $10 fee, of September 13. Also, a new addition to the 2014 festival will be a 48-hour cell phone film contest.
For more information about the GLVFF or to submit a film, go to artsquest.org.
Ryan Hill’s Favorite Film, This Year: Ida
“It’s a Polish film,” Hill says, “that we got to show for a couple weeks that I really, really liked – just a beautiful movie, handled so well.”
Fade In/Fade Out
It is only fitting that FIFO (Fade In/Fade Out), a Lehigh Valley-based film-production consortium, holds their gatherings – the first Tuesdays of every month – at Two Rivers Brewing Company in Easton. After all, the idea for the filmmaking group was born over a beer between FIFO CEO and Founder Bill Hartin and actor Gene Connelly. Prior to this film-consortium-generating beverage imbibing, the pair worked together on The Writer’s Muse, a short written and directed by Hartin with Connelly as the lead actor, which won Best Film Short at the 2010 Pocono Mountains Film Festival.
“Well over a year ago, Gene and I talked – over a beer – about what we would like to do eventually,” Hartin recalls. “Gene said that he was dedicated to the craft and dedicated to wanting to act, but he has a house, a family, wife, kids and all that stuff, so he couldn’t just take off to Hollywood to become discovered. He said what we really needed was a production company that was dedicated to making films so that people like himself – and there are a lot of those with that kind of talent here in Lehigh Valley who are doing the same thing he is – to have an opportunity to be able to ply their craft and develop their careers. I agreed, but production companies take money.”
In the world of filmmaking, financing is everything – without it, productions rarely ever get off the ground. But Hartin and Connelly, along with Paul Luongo, sidestepped this sobering film-production fact by focusing on doing it, regardless of funding, for the simple love of the craft.
“I said to Gene, ‘If we form a consortium, nobody needs to get paid. I don’t need to get paid. You need an opportunity to act in film. And the people who would get involved would be as dedicated as you are,’” Hartin remembers.
They put the word out about the consortium, and slowly people from all talent, skill and experience levels of the filmmaking realm began to find FIFO.
“We spent probably the first five to six months just meeting and talking about possibilities,” Hartin says. “And then at one of the meetings, one of the members raised their hand and said, ‘These meetings are great, and I’m learning a lot, but when are we going to do something?’”
So FIFO took the first step of soliciting screenplays with the criteria of a limited budget, one to two shot locations and a short time frame.
“We landed on the script Tigers in the Soup by William D. Prystauk,” Hartin explains. “We went right through the process. Paul Luongo produced for it, and we used his house to shoot it. ...It’s not a very long film, [just under four minutes]. Some people got paid, most people did not, but everyone felt good about accomplishing something under the FIFO banner.”
With the first film under their belts, FIFO is already in the process of going through scripts for their next production. Hartin, however, does not want to settle for just making one short after another; he envisions FIFO having a much larger impact on the world of filmmaking.
“When I say that FIFO is trying to make filmmaking in the Lehigh Valley what music is to Nashville, people’s eyes roll back, and they think I’m crazy,” he says. “But I say you have to shoot that high in order to get anything established, and what you need to establish with filmmaking here in the Lehigh Valley is an infrastructure.”
Hartin adds, “FIFO’s goal is to get good at making short films, so that we are making big short films that people really want to see and enjoy watching. And then once we feel we’ve got our feet under us and have the right infrastructure in place, we will tackle a feature. ...We are interested in getting filmmaking established as an industry in the Lehigh Valley because then everybody benefits from it.”
To learn more about FIFO, check out their Facebook page.
Bill Hartin’s Favorite Film: The Shawshank Redemption
“Because it is a wonderful film,” Hartin simply states.
SouthSide Film Institute and Festival
For more than a decade, the Bethlehem-based SouthSide Film Institute has been cultivating a community love of film throughout the Lehigh Valley, and this past June marked the organization’s 11th annual film festival.
“The SouthSide Film Institute is dedicated to preserving and promoting the art of the independent filmmaker, providing the patron of the arts freedom of choice and showcasing the community culture of south Bethlehem,” explains SouthSide Film Institute’s festival director, Glenn Koehler. “We’re an all-volunteer organization. We have no paid employees, and we have no paid executives or board members. All of the funding and proceeds we receive go directly back into securing, promoting and screening independent films in the Lehigh Valley.”
A lifelong resident of the Lehigh Valley, Koehler recalls that his own love of film began accidentally by “stumbling across and watching a plethora of indie and cult classics while in high school.”
And it is his fondness for cinema that compels he and SouthSide’s dedicated group of unpaid volunteers and board members to highlight filmmaking as well as to continue the tradition of the five-day film festival, which features “international films, guest filmmakers, juried selections, locally produced films, seminars and networking opportunities for filmmakers and fans of independent film.”
“Every year, the festival screens films and hosts filmmakers from all over the country and world,” Koehler explains. “We’ve had filmmakers and crew members travel from Russia, Austria and across the United States to attend the festival and conduct discussions with audience members after their films. The films we screen range from children’s movies and Academy Award-nominated short films to feature-length documentaries and experimental movies.”
As one of the longest-standing film organizations and festivals in the area, SouthSide has a solid grasp of the state of the film and filmmaking scene in the Lehigh Valley.
“It’s budding and is constantly growing to become a larger part of the Lehigh Valley arts community,” Koehler says. “When you have people like Lou Reda raking in Emmy nominations and a distinguished set of filmmakers that were originally from the Lehigh Valley coming back to screen their films here, you know you have something special. Just in the past two years, we’ve had quite a collection of movies come from current or former Lehigh Valley residents.”
Koehler continues, “Last year, we had Kevin Kiernan and John Philipavage’s feature-length documentary on extreme championship wrestling; DeSales graduate Matthew Herbertz’s short film A Cure; ...a stellar documentary called Pulling Teeth from local filmmakers Jen Suwak and Steve Abruzzese; ...and Burmese Refugee, a film by Allentown native Michael Tacca, who now lives in Los Angeles. This year, we had A Noontime Found by Bethlehem native Anthony Delluva; Peter Piper the Balloon Meister, a film shot in Bethlehem by a New York-based filmmaker; and The Dam Keeper, animated by two Pixar animators with the sound done by Liberty High School graduate Andrew Vernon.”
Film submissions for SouthSide’s 2015 film festival opens this September and runs through early next year. The 2015 festival will be held June 9 through 13.
To submit a film or to find out more about SouthSide Film Institute, go to southsidefilmfestival.com.
Glen Koehler’s Favorite Film: Requiem for a Dream
“The stylization of the cinematography, the astounding acting, intense subject and imagery and the soundtrack all combine to create one of the most devastating and moving films I’ve ever seen,” Koehler enthuses.
In the Lehigh Valley, DeSales University stands out as one of the best institutions of higher learning for aspiring filmmakers. Chuck Gloman, chair of the TV/film department, leads the 85 students enrolled in the major.
“We are specifically interested in hands-on learning,” Gloman explains. “From the very first day of classes, students actually get to use the equipment.”
Gloman and his students enjoy a unique opportunity to use filmmaking hardware so advanced that it sometimes isn’t even on the market yet. “I’m fortunate in that I get to review equipment when or before it’s released for the magazines that I write for, and the students get a chance to see this new technology the moment it comes out,” Gloman says. “They get to play with it, and we actually end up purchasing it. And then when they leave DeSales, they are trained on state-of-the-art stuff. They are not learning on something that is four or five years old.”
He adds, “We have lots and lots of toys. We just got a Samsung helicopter with one of those little portable drones that you put a GoPro on the bottom of, and the students get a chance to use that. Basically, if you can imagine it, the students can go out there and do that.”
With such an immersive and state-of-the-art filmmaking experience as well as an alumni network with industry contacts in Los Angeles, the program has produced 11 Emmy Award-nominated students and seven winners. Other students of the major have also stayed in the Lehigh Valley, finding work at WFMZ-TV Channel 69, Clark Media and various other freelance TV/film production opportunities.
Gloman is more than just a teacher of Lehigh Valley filmmakers, he also creates the films alongside them. “This past year, I’ve made 12 films,” he details. “I usually make films with my students. I required them to do three projects for one of the classes, and I make the three projects also, so that way I’m doing the same work they are.”
To show off the projects, they rent out the local multiplex. “Their work is being shown on the movie screen,” he says, “so they get to experience what it’s like to see their movies in an actual movie theater with popcorn and an audience. Then, there’s feedback at the end, so they get to see exactly what a producer goes through.”
The DeSales program also holds a film festival at the end of March.
The career path to becoming a professional filmmaker is perhaps one of the most difficult of any profession in the world, but Gloman reminds his students of the rewards, the most satisfying of which is not piles of money and fame.
“I always tell the students that they have to love what they do,” he says. “Life is short, and if you ever wake up someday and realize what you’re doing isn’t fun anymore, change. But that rarely happens in this industry. Once the bug bites you, you’ll keep doing it. It’s such a strong force, and it’s so gratifying to see something you created that other people are reacting to – it’s an experience that you really can’t describe.”
Chuck Gloman’s Advice to Aspiring Filmmakers:
“Just go out and do it,” he says. “Keep shooting. The more you do, the better you get.”
Allentown Film Crew
The Allentown Film Crew (AFC) began as a meetup.com group in 2008 for those in the Lehigh Valley who not only appreciate the art of film, but who also practice it. With a brief hiatus four years ago, the AFC has already produced nine short films – each with alternating directors and crew members – and is currently in pre-production for the 10th.
The AFC boasts a membership of more than 300, with 35 to 40 active participants. Though it is appreciated, the group does not require expertise or even basic knowledge of filmmaking to be involved.
“We welcome anyone from the community, whether they have experience or not,” explains Mark Ritchey, AFC’s president. “We all do different jobs – each production, everyone tries something new. We’ve had professional production members as well as those with no experience, and we all come together.”
From the script to production to editing, members of the AFC perform each facet of the filmmaking process.
As an all-volunteer crew, which mostly shoots on weekends to accommodate work schedules, AFC members find their way – from a variety of backgrounds – to the group for an outlet to learn about and make films.
“I’ve been an actress my whole life – I went to New York right after high school,” says Louise Devery, who also directs and screenwrites for the AFC. “In the acting world, with auditions and trying to get parts, it’s all about trying to do it, where with Allentown Film Crew, it’s about doing it.”
“I’ve wanted to be a filmmaker for most of my life,” says Scott Abbott, AFC vice president. “I got close to heading in that direction with an internship in New York, but as I got closer to the actual industry, there were a lot of things that were very frustrating about starting out. You have to be a go-for for a lot of people before you can get anywhere close to creative input. So, I pursued other avenues for careers. When I discovered the Allentown Film Crew, I felt it was a great group to pursue filmmaking as a hobby rather than a career.”
“As a young man, I always had a lot of interest in movies,” says Chuck Abbott, AFC director of photography. “When I was younger, I learned about projecting film and shooting film. ...A couple of years ago, I started coming to the meetings. I loved the people – the actors, the writers, the photographers. Everyone who makes up the Allentown Film Crew is just incredibly talented. It’s been a lot of fun learning the digital side of things, and working with the people has been great.”
“I got into it because I used to shoot 35mm stills and then went digital,” explains Trisha Thompson, AFC charter member. “Naturally, I wanted to take lessons until I found out they were $60 an hour. So I found Allentown Film Crew just starting up, making their first movie, and it was a chance for me to learn and get hands-on with the equipment. It’s great because they don’t holler at you if you don’t know anything. Everyone is so nice, and they’ll teach you. I’ve learned a lot, and I can do just about everything now. ...It doesn’t cost anything to come to our meetings – just a passion to get involved.”
The AFC’s 10th short film is a romantic-comedy, written by Thompson, titled Valentine’s Day.
The AFC meets every second and fourth Tuesday of each month, and a the screenwriters’ group gathers on the first Tuesday.
To learn more about the AFC, visit allentownfilmcrew.com or meetup.com/allentownfilmcrew.
Allentown Film Crew’s Favorite Films
Mark Ritchey: Good Will Hunting
Louise Devery: Wuthering Heights, 1939
Scott Abbott: The Dark Knight
Chuck Abbott: Casablanca
Trisha Thompson: The Wizard of Oz